Ecology and ecosystem management
Shallow submarine volcanoes have complex geology and research into their hydrothermal systems is still at an early stage. These shallow submarine, high-energy, dynamic, hydrothermal systems are associated with significant and potentially hazardous volcanic activity. The Kolumbo volcano is the most active submarine volcano of the Mediterranean Sea. Thira is a collaborative project among the Municipality of Thira, the Hellenic Center for Marine Research (ELKETHE) and the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA), which aims to monitor the underwater Kolumbo volcano using the R/V Philia and the Remote Operated Vehicle owned by HCMR.